All About Animal Skin Allergies

There are a lot of skin diseases that affect dogs. Most of them takes time to develop and when they are left alone, it can lead to a more serious problem. The health of your dog’s skin is very essential. One of these problems is allergies and is also common amongst dogs. The signs is as listed in www.leicesterskinvet.com, which includes itchy skin, sneezing, eye and nasal discharges. Sometimes it is accompanied with skin lesions and digestive upsets. Allergy is the common cause for skin disease in dogs.

Causes of Skin Allergies

According to www.leicesterskinvet.com, allergy is considered a hypersensitive reaction to the substances that are known to cause allergies known as antigens or allergens. Dogs and people have almost similar allergens and affects at any age. The signs and symptoms of allergies appear suddenly without notice. The most common allergen that develops on dogs is the flea saliva. Just a single presence of this flea on dogs can cause severe itching. These kind of allergies are seasonal and is dependent on the climate zones in which these fleas thrive. The fleas can be eliminated with cold weather during the winter season. For warmer climates, this can be very troublesome. Atopic Dermatitis, also known as atopy, is an pruritic skin diseases that develops on dogs in response to inhaling particles that float in the air such as pollens, molds and dust. Another common form of allergy, this generally starts at a young age. Dogs are rarely allergic to certain chemicals found in flea collars, carpets, waxes and soaps. This kind of hypersensitivity comes with another name – contact allergy. There are also some dogs that are allergic to stings and insect bites. Allergies from food usually cause skin lesions or diarrhea.

Signs

The very first sign of skin allergies on dogs is itching, which is similar to some humans, although sneezing is common amongst them. The skin affected with allergens appears normal at first, but it can take a reddish color and even moist patches, also referred to as hot spots. Dried crusts and pus are also apparent in affected areas if there is bacterial infection. The dog with allergies constantly scratches and lick these areas. Flea allergies are obvious on the back of the dog, including near its tail. The chest, abdomen, feet and face of the dog are usually affected by dust and pollen-type of allergies. The hairless part of the dog is usually affected with contact allergies, including the bottom of their feet.

Treatment

Most of the cases of allergies are controlled and a few of them are cured. Corticosteroids and antihistamines could be prescribed by the veterinarians in order to give relief and alleviate the itching of the dog. Most of these cases will put a halt to self-mutilation. Dog owners are going to be instructed by the veterinarians to give their dogs corticosteroids tablets. The dosages will be decreased depending on the case for a good few months. These are potent drugs and should not be used for longer periods of time. It is mainly used for controlling the flea allergies.